A little info about prostate enlargement treatment. According to John Kabalin, MD, assistant professor of urology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA whose study of laser prostatectomy in 227 was presented at a meeting of the American Urological Association:
“Men with enlarged prostates find it easier to urinate following laser surgery. Laser prostatectomy clears away unwanted tissue just as effectively as standard surgery, in which the surgeon uses a wire loop or scalpel to remove prostate tissue… yet it causes virtually no bleeding and requires less anesthesia. The laser “cooks” the part of the prostate that encircles the urethra. The tissue disintegrates and is passed in the urine.”
Laser prostatectomy is recommended not only because there is the lower risk of bleeding but also shorter or no hospital stay, quicker recovery and more immediate results.
When is the best time to check your prostate? “A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is best performed at least 48 hours after having sex since ejaculation can make a PSA reading jump. The test might then indicate possible prostate cancer. PSA readings return to normal 48 hours after ejaculation,” says William J. Catalona, MD, chief of division of urology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis.
The prostate-specific antigen is a protein produced exclusively by prostate cells. The amount present is relevant to a person’s risks of developing prostate cancer. The higher the PSA levels, the higher the risks.
Recommended prostate test life schedule. H. Ballentine Carter, MD, associate professor of urology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore whose study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, said, ”Men are typically advised to get their first annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test at age 50. But new evidence suggests that it’s better to have the first test at age 40, followed by another at age 45 and then every other year starting at age 50. Experts believe this revised screening schedule should save lives by spotting tumors when they are still small and confined to the prostate gland, when treatment is most effective.”
A more frequent screening schedule, as stated above, would increase the chances of discovering a tumor in its earlier stages, making it easier to treat compared to when it has spread to other tissues besides the prostate.
Prostate enlargement overview. As stated by Patrick C. Walsh, MD, urologist-in-chief at Johns Hopkins Hospital and director of the urology department at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, the person responsible for developing the nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy procedure for treating prostate cancer and co-author to The Prostate: A Guide for Men and Women Who Love Them says, “Prostate cancer gets lots of media coverage – but prostate enlargement is far more prevalent. Technically known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), the condition affects more than half of men over age 50… and 80 percent of men by age 80.”
For unknown reasons, the prostate often begins to enlarge around age 40. The enlarged tissue presses against the urethra, often leading to urinary problems. Mild symptoms include the difficulty and pain in urination and dribbling afterwards while in more severe cases, the urge to urinate several times an hour resulting to awakening during the night to go to the bathroom.
About urinary difficulties. Though BPH is not linked to a man’s risks of prostate cancer, if you have any urinary difficulties, going to the doctor – specifically, a urologist – is highly advised since BPH and prostate cancer produce the same symptoms. Moreover, leaving BPH untreated can lead to urinary tract infection or even bladder and kidney damage. The urologist, after reviewing your symptoms and medical history, should take a urine sample to check for infection, perform a digital rectal exam to check for prostate enlargement and finally a test to measure prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.
Prevention and treatment for prostate problems. For prevention, antioxidants are the best option since they scavenge free radicals that cause cancer before they can inflict damage to the cells. Examples of such antioxidants are vitamins C and E. For treatment, laser prostatectomy from earlier is one of the options but supplements can also help – even a little. Studies have shown that capsaicin, found in chili peppers like the jalapeno, can interfere with the growth of tumors and even induce some of the cancerous cells to undergo apoptosis (cell death). Alpha blockers and 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitors also help relieve the symptoms.